You are here

Home

Complications of Diabetes

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Following are the various complications of diabetes :
 
DIABETIC KETO ACIDOSIS
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Problems are nausea and vomiting, pronounced thirst, excessive urine production and abdominal pain that may be severe. In severe DKA, breathing becomes labored and of a deep, gasping character.
 It happens predominantly in those with type 1 diabetes, but it can occur in those with type 2 diabetes under certain circumstances. 
DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids and producing acidic ketone bodies that cause most of the symptoms and complications.
The main aims in the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis are replacing the lost fluids and electrolytes while suppressing the high blood sugars and ketone production with insulin. 
 
HYPOGLYCEMIA(LOW BLOOD GLUCOSE)
Problems of low blood glucose
  • Hunger
  • Nervousness and shakiness
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Sleepiness
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Feeling anxious or weak
  • Loss of consciousness or coma
  • Seizure or Convulsions
The best way to avoid hypoglycemia is to eat meals and snacks on a regular schedule, test your blood glucose regularly and adjust the diabetic medication accordingly , follow the exercise plan suggested by your diabetes health care team.
 
Respiratory infections
The immune response is impaired in individuals with diabetes mellitus.The vascular effects of diabetes also tend to alter lung function, all of which leads to an increase in susceptibility to respiratory infections such as pneumonia and influenza among individuals with diabetes. We advice Pneumococcal vaccine to prevent recurrent respiratory infections.
 
Cardiovascular disease. 
Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis). If you have diabetes, you are more likely to have heart disease or stroke.
 
Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in the legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward. Left untreated, you could lose all sense of feeling in the affected limbs. Damage to the nerves related to digestion can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. For men, it may lead to erectile dysfunction.
 
The kidneys contain millions of tiny blood vessel clusters (glomeruli) that filter waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage this delicate filtering system. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.Renal (kidney) disease  causes swelling (edema) in the feet and legs. As the disease progresses swelling affects all over the body.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina (diabetic retinopathy), potentially leading to blindness.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diabetes also increases the risk of other serious vision conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma.
 
 
Foot damage
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fig: Left foot little toe is amputated because of gangrene.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fig: Charcots Osteoarthropathy
Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can become serious infections. Severe damage might require toe, foot or even leg amputation.
 
Skin and mouth conditions. 
Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections. Gum infections also may be a concern, especially if you have a history of poor dental hygiene.
 
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disorder that causes bones to become weak and prone to fracture. People who have diabetes have an increased risk of osteoporosis. 
 
Alzhemer's disease 
Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease. 
 
Cancer. 
People with diabetes have a higher risk of some cancers. 
 

 

 

 

AED is the first Endocrine research and treatment center in Kukatpally, Hyderabad.
Run by a fully qualified endocrinologist available round the clock, AED provides both
inpatient and outpatient services at a reasonable cost..

• Drug and Dosage Standardization Done for Insulin,Diabetic Drugs, Thyroxine, HRT, HTN, Cholesterol.
• 24 hr Blood glucose monitoring with CGMS and Insulin Delivery with insulin pump.
• Specialty Care- PCOD, Obesity, Hypertension, Gynecomastia, Thyroid/Adrenal and Pitutary Tumors.
• Lab Back-Up for all Hormone assays recognised by NABL and CAP.
• All Varieties of Diabetic and Hormonal Medicines available

AED

Ground Floor,

Challa Estate,

H.No. 301, Adjacent to Vignesh Temple,

Rd. No. 3, KPHB Colony Phase 1,

Hyderabad 500072.

Ph: 04040101539

       9059600930

       9849777971

 

Powered by Drupal

There are currently 0 users online.