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Diabetes

Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Who is at risk of developing prediabetes 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
How do you know if you have prediabetes?
Prediabetes has no visible signs or obvious symptoms. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three blood tests are used to check the levels of glucose in your blood and diagnose PreDiabetes :
• Fasting blood glucose test (FBG 100 - 125 mg/dl )
• Oral glucose tolerance test (OGT  140 - 200 mg/dl )
• Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c   5.8  -  6.5 % )
 
Why should you take prediabetes seriously?
Each year about 1 out of 10 people with prediabetes develops type 2 diabetes. 
If left untreated, diabetes can cause blindness, kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease, and stroke. 
 
How do you prevent and treat prediabetes?
Most people with prediabetes can avoid progressing to diabetes with lifestyle changes that include :
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Problems in type 1 diabetes

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Constant hunger ,  
  • feeling tired all the time
What is  type 1 diabetes ?
In type 1 diabetes, a person’s pancreas produces little or no insulin .
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age but most often occurs in children, teens, and young adults.
 In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system (which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses) mistakenly
destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain viruses may trigger the disease.
 
How is type 1 diabetes diagnosed ?
Your doctor will use blood tests to diagnose diabetes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A blood glucose level above 125 mg/dL after fasting overnight or 
 above 200 mg/dL after eating may indicate diabetes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuous glucose monitoring, also called CGM, is a new way for people with diabetes to monitor glucose levels. The continuous glucose monitor is not intended for day-to-day monitoring or long-term self-care, and it is not a replacement for standard blood sugar monitoring. It is only intended for use to discover trends in blood sugar levels. This helps your health care team make the most appropriate decisions regarding your treatment plan.
The main advantage of continuous glucose monitoring is that it can help identify fluctuations and trends that would otherwise go unnoticed with standard HbA1c tests and intermittent finger stick measurements.
 
How is type 1 diabetes treated?
People with type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to keep a normal level of glucose in the blood. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A healthy diet, exercise, and regular monitoring of blood glucose levels are also important to manage diabetes.
 
Problems if not treated
When there is not enough insulin, glucose builds up in the blood, putting people at risk for serious
health problems including 

Type-2 diabetes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger (especially after eating)
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea and occasionally vomiting
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness or tingling of the hands or feet
  • Frequent infections of the skin, urinary tract or vagina
What is type 2 diabetes?
In type 2 diabetes pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin adequately.
This is called insulin resistance. When there isn't enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be,
glucose (sugar) can't get into the body's cells for usage as fuel . Glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells.
 
Who gets type2 diabetes ?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Anyone can get type 2 diabetes. However, those at highest risk for the disease are those who 
  • Are over 45
  • Are obese or overweight
  • Have had gestational diabetes 
  • Have family members who have type 2 diabetes
  • Have prediabetes
  • Are inactive
  • Have low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides levels
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Are members of certain racial or ethnic groups
How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed ?
Your doctor will use blood tests to diagnose diabetes.
 A blood glucose level above 125 mg/dL after fasting overnight or 
 above 200 mg/dL after eating may indicate diabetes.
 
How is type 2 diabetes treated ?
  • Life style modifications ( weight loss, diet and exercise )
  • Oral diabetes medications
  • Insulin injections
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
His smile says how confident he is in managing his Blood Sugars following our Guidelines.
 
Problems if not treated
When there is not enough insulin, glucose builds up in the blood, putting people at risk for serious
health problems including

AED

AED is the first Endocrine research and treatment center in Kukatpally, Hyderabad. Run by a fully qualified endocrinologist available round the clock, AED provides both inpatient and outpatient services at a reasonable cost..

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