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Diabetes and Insulin

How is diabetes treated?

Treatment depends on the type of diabetes you have.
There are two main types of diabetes:
• Type 1 occurs when the pancreas stops making insulin. It is
usually seen in children and teens, but may occur later in life.
People with type 1 diabetes always need insulin .
• Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. With type 2
diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin and it
becomes resistant to insulin’s effects. It occurs in adults and
elderly patients, many of whom are overweight. Younger
people can also develop type 2 diabetes
Treatment includes changes in lifestyle (diet and exercise), plus
medicine : oral medicines (pills), insulin, and/or other
injected medicines. People with type 2 diabetes usually need treatment with
oral medicines for several or even many years, but may eventually
need insulin to maintain glucose control.
What are the different types of insulin?
Different types of insulin are classified by how fast they work and how long they continue to work in the body.
  • Mealtime (or “bolus”) insulin. Used before meals to control the rise of blood glucose levels after eating.
    • Rapid-acting: lispro, aspart, glulisine
    • Short-acting: regular human insulin
  •  Basal insulin :Controls blood glucose levels between meals and throughout the night. This is usually used once or twice daily. It can be used alone or in combination with oral medicines or rapid acting insulin.
    • Intermediate-acting: human NPH
    • Long-acting: glargine and detemir
  • Pre-mixed insulin. Combination of bolus and basal insulins that controls blood glucose levels after and between meals. These are usually used twice daily before breakfast and dinner. They can be used alone or in combination with oral medicines.
The type of insulin your doctor prescribes will depend on the type of diabetes you have, your lifestyle (when and what you eat,
how much you exercise), your age, and your body’s response to insulin.
 It also depends on how often you are able or willing to check your blood glucose and give yourself injections.
People with type 1 diabetes often need more than one type of insulin. Most people with type 2 diabetes who use insulin just use
basal (long-acting) insulin.
What are insulin analogs?
In recent years, scientists have developed new products called insulin analogs. These have been genetically engineered to
better match the insulin produced by your pancreas. Insulin analogs make it easier to control blood glucose.
By controlling and preventing hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) and hypoglycemia (low blood glucose), they may reduce the risk
of diabetic health problems and improve your quality of life.Insulin analogs include long-acting, basal insulins (glargine and determir) and
rapid acting, bolus insulins (lispro, aspart, and glulisine).
How is insulin injected ?
Like traditional insulins, insulin analogs are injected with a syringe, an insulin pen, or an insulin pump.




























AED is the first Endocrine research and treatment center in Kukatpally, Hyderabad.
Run by a fully qualified endocrinologist available round the clock, AED provides both
inpatient and outpatient services at a reasonable cost..

• Drug and Dosage Standardization Done for Insulin,Diabetic Drugs, Thyroxine, HRT, HTN, Cholesterol.
• 24 hr Blood glucose monitoring with CGMS and Insulin Delivery with insulin pump.
• Specialty Care- PCOD, Obesity, Hypertension, Gynecomastia, Thyroid/Adrenal and Pitutary Tumors.
• Lab Back-Up for all Hormone assays recognised by NABL and CAP.
• All Varieties of Diabetic and Hormonal Medicines available


Ground Floor,

Challa Estate,

H.No. 301, Adjacent to Vignesh Temple,

Rd. No. 3, KPHB Colony Phase 1,

Hyderabad 500072.

Ph: 04040101539




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