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Hyperthyroidism

How can hyperthyroidism affect your health?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
What is hyperthyroidism?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Hyperthyroidism the thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much thyroid hormone (T3 & T4).
 
What causes hyperthyroidism?
Graves’ disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Graves Disease the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, causing it to enlarge and make too much thyroid hormone(T3 & T4).
It is chronic (long-term) and typically runs in families with a history of thyroid disease.
Less common causes of hyperthyroidism include
• Thyroid nodules: Lumps 
• Subacute thyroiditis: A painful inflammation of the thyroid typically caused by a virus
• Lymphocytic thyroiditis: A painless inflammation caused by lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell)
• Postpartum thyroiditis: Thyroiditis that develops shortly after pregnancy
 
How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?
 Your doctor will perform a physical examination and order blood tests to measure your hormone levels.
You have hyperthyroidism when the levels of T4 and T3 are higher than normal and the level
 of TSH is lower than normal.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Your doctor may also take a picture of your thyroid (a thyroid scan) to see its shape and size
 
How is hyperthyroidism treated?
• Antithyroid medications. These drugs lower the amount of hormone the thyroid gland makes. 
• Beta blockers can control many symptoms
• Radioactive iodine. 
• Surgery. Surgical removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy).
 
Problems if not treated
If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to :
  • Severe weakness,
  • Weight loss ,
  • Heart failure or
  • Brittle bones (osteoporosis). 
Pregnant women with uncontrolled Graves’ disease are at greater risk of miscarriage, premature
birth, and having a baby with low birth weight.
 

 

 

 

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Ph: 04040101539

       9059600930

       9849777971

 

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