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PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )

PROBLEMS WITH PCOS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Patients with pcos have these problems in varying combinations
 
Irregular or absent menstrual periods
Excess hair on the face and body
Thinning of hair on the scalp ( Excess Hair fall )
Weight gain (especially at the waist)
Acne
Infertility
 
WHAT IS PCOS ?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder and a metabolic problem defined by a group of problems described above.
Women with PCOS often have many small painless cysts in
the ovaries (hence the name “polycystic”).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
These cysts are not cancerous and represent unruptured cyst that should  release monthly egg.
PCOS affects 7 to 10 percent of women of child bearing age and is the most common cause of infertility.
PCOD is detected in 15 to 18 % of reproductive age group women.
 
PCOS affects more than reproduction. It’s also a metabolic
problem that affects several body systems.
 
What causes PCOS?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
There is probably more than one cause. In general, an imbalance of hormones underlies the condition. It has also been called “ovarian androgen excess” because the ovaries produce male hormones (androgens) in increased amounts.
PCOS seems to be inherited. Female relatives or children of
patients with PCOS are at increased risk for having PCOS.
 
How is PCOS diagnosed?
In addition to assessing signs and symptoms of PCOS, doctors take a medical history, perform a physical exam,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Your Doctor will also  check blood hormone levels like Testosterone,  Estrogen,  LH,  FSH ,  DHEAS , 17-Hydroxy Progesterone.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
They may also perform an ovarian ultrasound.
Measure Glucose levels and Insulin levels  in the blood to check for Insulin resistance.
 
How is PCOS treated?
Symptoms are treatable with medications and changes in diet and exercise .
 
Maintaning ideal weight and regular exercise can cure PCOS in 50% of patients.
 
Treatment of patients with PCOS should be individualized based on their complaints as follows :
 
Menstrual irregularities can be treated with Birth control pills 
 
Excess hair can be treated with Antiandrogen medications and  removal of facial hairs, electrolysis or laser treatments. 
 
Medications that help the body respond better to Insulin like Metformin may also be helpful. 
 
For women whose infertility problems are not resolved with lifestyle changes alone, medications that improve ovulation (fertility drugs) may be helpful.
 
 

 

 

 

AED is the first Endocrine research and treatment center in Kukatpally, Hyderabad.
Run by a fully qualified endocrinologist available round the clock, AED provides both
inpatient and outpatient services at a reasonable cost..

• Drug and Dosage Standardization Done for Insulin,Diabetic Drugs, Thyroxine, HRT, HTN, Cholesterol.
• 24 hr Blood glucose monitoring with CGMS and Insulin Delivery with insulin pump.
• Specialty Care- PCOD, Obesity, Hypertension, Gynecomastia, Thyroid/Adrenal and Pitutary Tumors.
• Lab Back-Up for all Hormone assays recognised by NABL and CAP.
• All Varieties of Diabetic and Hormonal Medicines available

AED

Ground Floor,

Challa Estate,

H.No. 301, Adjacent to Vignesh Temple,

Rd. No. 3, KPHB Colony Phase 1,

Hyderabad 500072.

Ph: 04040101539

       9059600930

       9849777971

 

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