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Thyroid Disorders

 

WHAT IS THYROID?

 

 
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the middle of the neck, located below the larynx (voice box) and above the clavicles (collarbones). The thyroid produce two hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which regulate how the body uses and stores energy (also known as the body's metabolism). Thyroid function is controlled by a gland located just below the brain, known as the pituitary. The pituitary produces thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid to produce T3 and T4.
 
 
Thyroid function is controlled by a gland located just below the brain, known as the pituitary (figure ). The pituitary produces thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid to produce T3 and T4.

 

WHAT DOES THE THYROID DO? 

The thyroid produces two hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which regulate how the body ( all organs  and cells ) uses and stores energy to perform their normal functions. Defect in the Thyroid gland development or function leads to Mental retardation in Neonates ( New born), Delayed mile stones in Infants ( less than 12 months age ), Stunted growth in children, Delayed Puberty in Adolescents, Irregular menstrual cycles in reproductive age group.
 
Thyroid Disorders can be classified into 3 major types,
 
1. HYPOTHYROIDISM  ( Less T3 & T4 with High TSH levels )
2. HYPERTHYROIDISM (High T3 & T4 with Low TSH levels )
3. THYROID NODULE
 
 
Goiter ( Thyroid gland enlargement ) can be appreciated in all the above 3 disorders.

 

HYPOTHYROIDISM

 
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It is the most common thyroid disorder. If the production of T3 or T4 is insufficient, then the (Brain) pituitary responds and tries to maintain the sufficient secretion of T3 and T4 from the Thyroid gland. During this process the TSH will raise even 100 times the normal levels.
 
1.Synthetic Thyroid hormone tablets available. Depending on the severity of Thyroid Hormone deficiency individual Thyroid hormone requirement varies between 50 to 125mcg usually.
 
 
 

HYPERTHYROIDISM

 
Hyperthyroidism is the medical term for an overactive thyroid (hyper = excessive). In people with hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. Ie. High T3 & T4 with Low TSH levels. When this occurs, the body's metabolism is increased, which can cause a variety of symptoms
 
1) Anti Thyroid drugs available in the pharmacies. 
2) Radio-active Iodine Ablation 
3) Removal of thyroid gland and lifelong synthetic thyroid hormone replacement.
 

 

THTROID NODULES

 
Thyroid nodules are very common. Upto half of all people have at least one thyroid nodule, although most do not know about it. Thyroid nodules can be caused many different conditions. Reassuringly, about 95 percent of all thyroid nodules are caused by benign (non-cancerous) conditions. This can be diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA). FNA uses a thin needle to remove small tissue samples from the thyroid nodule. The tissue is examined with a microscope.
 

SYMPTOMS TABLE

 
 
Hypothyroidism Hyperthyroidism
Cold intolerance
 
Heat intolerance
Lethargy Nervousness, irritability, emotional instability
Constipation Increased bowel movements
Slowing of mental function and motor activity Anxiety, Tremors, Pounding heart, Shortness of breath
Weight gain but appetite(hunger) decreased Weight loss but increased food ingestion(intake)
Abnormal menses Abnormal menses
Dry/thick skin, hair loss, and hoarse voice Fatigue
 
 
 
 

Thyroid Trivia!

Thyroid gland is actually named for its position on the thyroid cartilage, which forms the Adam's Apple (also called the laryngeal prominence). The thyroid cartilage in turn gets its name for the Greek for "shield" referring to its shape. The thyroid gland is not shield-shaped at all; it tends to be thought of as butterfly-shaped and wrapping around the cartilage, however when the neck is opened to view the gland, it is rather amorphous(no clear shape).

 

 

 

AED is the first Endocrine research and treatment center in Kukatpally, Hyderabad.
Run by a fully qualified endocrinologist available round the clock, AED provides both
inpatient and outpatient services at a reasonable cost..

• Drug and Dosage Standardization Done for Insulin,Diabetic Drugs, Thyroxine, HRT, HTN, Cholesterol.
• 24 hr Blood glucose monitoring with CGMS and Insulin Delivery with insulin pump.
• Specialty Care- PCOD, Obesity, Hypertension, Gynecomastia, Thyroid/Adrenal and Pitutary Tumors.
• Lab Back-Up for all Hormone assays recognised by NABL and CAP.
• All Varieties of Diabetic and Hormonal Medicines available

AED

Ground Floor,

Challa Estate,

H.No. 301, Adjacent to Vignesh Temple,

Rd. No. 3, KPHB Colony Phase 1,

Hyderabad 500072.

Ph: 04040101539

       9059600930

       9849777971

 

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